Orlov, 70, was blacklisted along with five other people as “foreign agents” for criticizing Russia’s war against Ukraine and allegedly spreading false information about the political leadership in Moscow.
The Russian leadership usually includes its critics and opposition activists in the register of “foreign agents”. Those recognized as “foreign agents” in Russia have to expect many inconveniences.
Organizations, media and people on the “foreign agents” register are subject to increased financial surveillance.
Since the eighties of the last century, Orlov had worked in the non-governmental organization “Memorials”, which was initially created to evaluate political tyranny and repression, but later became an organization of human rights defenders.
Orlov headed the human rights department of “Memorial” for many years and as a mediator organized prisoner exchanges during the Chechen wars.
“Memorial” was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002, but the organization was already banned in Russia.
Russian judicial authorities have also taken action against Orlov. In October 2023, the Golovin District Court of Moscow sentenced the co-chairman of “Memorial” Orlov to a fine of 150,000 rubles (approximately 1,400 euros) for repeatedly “discrediting” the Russian army.